How Do Electronic Cigarettes Work?





Electronic cigarettes are cigarette-sized tubes with an LED light located on one end. These electrical devices also contain an atomizer cartridge for holding the liquid and a battery that works as the power source. These are meant for tobacco smokers who want to give up smoking the harmful cigarettes. Smoking Electronic cigarettes makes one feel like smoking regular cigarettes as e-cigarettes imitate the flavor, appearance and the physical sensation of the normal cigarettes. However, the e-cigarettes do not produce the odor that is caused by smoking tobacco. These are also much healthier as they do not contain the harmful components found in tobacco. Smoking electronic cigarettes does not pose the serious health risks associated with tobacco smoking. This article discusses about the components of e-cigarettes and how do they work.

ecigarette picture
An e-cigarette uses heat or ultrasonics for vaporizing a glycerin or propylene glycol based liquid solution into aerosol mist. The functioning of this electrical device can be compared to the way humidifiers and nebulizers vaporize solutions for inhalation.

According to the American Journal of Preventive Medicine study done in 2011, more than 30% of the people who switch to e-cigarettes give up smoking entirely within six months.

Electronic Cigarette Components

There are three principal components of an e-cigarette: a cartridge, an atomizer and a power source or battery. Most of the modern day models offer a “cartomizer” option which is disposable.

Cartridge: The small plastic container that can be opened on both sides is known as the cartridge. This component of the e-cigarette is usually disposable.

Atomizer: The atomizer works as the heating element that vaporizes the liquid in an electronic cigarette. This component comprises of wicking metal mesh and a simple filament for drawing the liquid in.

Power Source: Most portable models of e-cigarettes have portable power units containing one lithium-ion rechargeable battery.


Cartomizer: The cartomizer is an integrated form of cartridge and atomizer, developed by e-cigarette manufacturers as a solution for the degradation of atomizer and the expenses associated with it.

How Electronic Cigarettes Work?

The user puts one end of the cartridge in his or her mouth while on the other end, there is a red LED light that glows when the individual smokes. There is a pressure-activated switch to turn on a small heating element which produces smoke-like vapor when a person draws in. This is the same smoke that is used in concerts, theatres and nightclubs for special effects.

This device has a sensor that detects the air flow through the tube when the user inhales. The heating device in the e-cigarette gets activated once the sensor identifies the air flow, starting to vaporize the nicotine solution in the mouthpiece. The user inhales this vapor which imitates the sensation of smoking regular cigarettes, while keeping the user completely free from the health risks that can result from smoking tobacco. There is also an LED light placed at the opposite end of the e-cigarette which is activated during inhalation, resembling the way the burning end of a cigarette glows when smoked.

The vapor produced by electronic cigarettes may contain nicotine. The user can regulate the amount of nicotine contained by the e-cigarette. It is available in various flavors including tobacco, mint, chocolate and apple. One can even avail the flavor of his or her favorite cigarette brand.

Nicotine in Electronic Cigarettes

The nicotine doses contained by the electronic cigarettes are graded in high, medium, low and zero nicotine. The cartridges with high strength nicotine contain the same amount of nicotine as a regular cigarette. This cartridge is not generally recommended as it may pose several threats to the health of the user. Some electronic cigarette brands, like BestEciggy, even allow the users to create their own custom flavors while also regulating the level of nicotine themselves.

E-cigarettes are used as a smoking cessation device or an alternative to smoking tobacco. They deliver the sensation and experience of smoking without posing the threats to the smoker’s health. Even the electronic cigarettes that contain medium and low amounts of nicotine significantly reduce the risks of developing the serious health problems associated with nicotine.

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